Drilling Fluids Additives & Specialty Chemicals

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Manufacturing Drilling Fluid Specialty Chemicals and Additives
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Supplying Commodities and Petrochemicals

Why TEAM?

Can TEAM Provide Customized Packaging?

Yes, we can add your details to our labels as you wish

Is TEAM a Manufacturer?

Yes, TEAM has its own exclusive toll manufacturer and all our formulations for Drilling Fluid specialties are in-house. TEAM has been manufacturing specialty chemicals since 2014.

Can TEAM Provide Customized Products?

Yes, we can provide all our specialty products with high concentration which can be diluted at the end destination. Mixing instructions will be advised by TEAM.

Is TEAM a Mine Owner?

TEAM has stakes in mines of Gilsonite, Barite, Carbonate Calcium, Hematite and Bentonite.

About

Us

About Us

Established in 2014 with the specific purpose of adding value to our customers by sourcing the best possible products and delivering it with an optimized supply chain. TEAM has dedicatedly been serving the Oil & Gas industry, focusing primarily on Drilling Fluid Additives and Specialty Chemicals. we are considered a one-stop chemical company providing commodities and high-tech performance-specialty chemicals for various industries. Our range of chemicals can be considered as a finished product or utilized to improve the manufacturing process. Our organizational culture is based on TEAM work, we truly believe that this type of mindset is the foundation required for a company to succeed and be sustainable.

Articles

Considering the various tasks of the drilling fluids in oil and gas well drilling, the efficiency of the drilling mud is the result of the accurate and correct selection of the mud formulation. Both water-based and oil-based muds have advantages and drawbacks with specific applications that justify their usage in drilling operations according to them. In general, water-based muds are less toxic and less expensive to produce. Also, water-based muds are more compatible with the environment, specially about releasing drilling wastes into the sea. However, for many drilling operations with critical conditions, such as drilling deep formations with high temperature, drilling in the highly unstable shale layers, horizontal and directional drilling, drilling narrow wells that requires high torque, oil-based drilling muds are recommended to be used. On the other hand, the formulation of oil-based drilling mud is more complicated and their production cost is higher.

The advantages of oil-based drilling mud include high corrosion controlling, increasing therate of penetration (ROP), the possibility of reusing drilling mud in several wells, higher efficiency in high temperature-high pressure conditions and better lubricating the drill bit.

From technical point of view, in some cases, oil-based drilling muds are preferable to water-based drilling muds. For instance, when using water-based muds, more drilling waste is produced than oil-based muds. In addition, oil-based mud has higher resistance against different types of contaminations -such as cement, formation water, anhydrite particles, and etc.- compared to water-based muds.  On the other hand, due to the high cost of preparing oil-based muds compared to water-based muds with similar density, the economic justification of choosing an oil-based muds should be done according to its performance.

Drilling fluids used in Oil-based drilling mud

Monoethylene Glycol (MEG) is mainly used as a raw material in the production of some polyesters and used in antifreeze products.  MEG is used in producing many types of antifreeze agents; coolants, ani-icer and deicers. MEG is utilized in the production of vehicles’ antifreeze agents, cooling equipment and aircraft antifreeze. It is also used in cooling systems such as HVAC units in order to transfer generated heat and cool the engines in various weather situations.

MEG is a preferable antifreeze agent compared to other antifreeze chemicals due to its high efficiency. It is much more economical than Propylene Glycol in antifreeze applications, as a lower percentage of MEG compared to Propylene Glycol is required to reach the same freezing point in water. Furthermore, one of the other advantages of using MEG in antifreeze is its better heat transfer properties than other chemical compounds.

One of the most widely used materials in drilling mud is Barite. The main function of Barite in drilling mud is its weighting agent properties, which is widely used in water-based mud and oil-based muds.

Barite mines are mainly located in China, USA, India, Russia and Iran. The amount of extraction of this mineral is closely related to the process of oil & crude gas exploration. The consumption of Barite is mainly in drilling mud but a small portion of the produced barite is used in industries such as chemicals, paper, plastics, glass ceramics and pharmaceuticals.

Barium Sulfate is mineral which is used to produce Barite required in the drilling industry. Barium Sulfate ore may contain other by-products. Due to the presence of these minerals, the color of the ore may change from white and milky to yellow, gray or red.

Barite does not dissolve in water and therefore remains as suspended particles in the mud without changing its chemical properties. One of the important features of Barite is its high density, when added to drilling mud, it occupies a smaller volume of mud compared to other particles. As a result, it can increase the density and weight of drilling mud. Increasing the density of mud is suitable for immersing rock particles. Under these conditions, a larger volume of muds remains in liquid phase, as the result the flow of mud will be smoother.

Barite literally means heavy and has Greek roots. The specific gravity of this mineral is about 4.2 to 4.6. Barite hardness varies in the range of 2.5 to 3.5. This mineral is used with different density and hardness to meet requirements of various drilling formations. The amount of alkaline earth metals soluble in water should be less than 250 mg/kg. In addition, Barite used in offshore drilling rigs must meet environmental regulations in terms of the amount of mercury and cadmium content.

Barite usage in Drilling Mud

Calcium Chloride is used in drilling mud with powder or flakes appearance to to supply Calcium ions. Calcium Chloride is one of the drilling fluids weighting agents. It can adjust the activity of the water phase in invert-emulsion mud.

Advantages of Calcium Chloride usage in drilling mud over other weighting agents, is its low price in formulation of solid-free completion brines.

The maximum density obtainable is 11.6 Ibm/gal (SG 1.68) with the addition of Calcium Bromide. Calcium Chloride and other brine completion fluids, eliminate plugging of producing sands often encountered when perforations are made through drilling mud. These brine fluids, free of solids, eliminate the problem of cracking, solidification and settling of solid materials on packers.

Calcium Chloride is used to control the activity of oil-based mud and work over/completion fluids. It is also an effective means of providing high Chloride ion concentration levels in the aqueous phase of mud for balanced activity mud systems, for maximum shale stability.

CaCl2-containing drilling mud can be used in high pressure formations.

It is much easier to dilute this material in water and has the ability to absorb dust from drilling operations inside the well.

Various chemicals and methods are used to melt ice (deicing) roads in the cold seasons of the year. Calcium Chloride is one of the most widely used inorganics for ice melting and deicing. In addition to Calcium Chloride, other substances such as Sodium Chloride, Magnesium Chloride, Potassium Chloride and Magnesium Acetate are also used.

In cold seasons, Anti-Icing methods can be used to prevent road freezing. In case of frost, different methods and materials are used for deicing. Anti-Icing and deicing methods are described in more detail below.

Introduction:The oil and gas industry is one of the largest and most important industries in the world, which is very important strategically and economically. With the development of environmental solutions in human societies, activities that endanger the environmental system will be seriously considered. For this reason, efforts have been made to reduce the environmental impact of drilling operations, especially in the use of drilling fluids. In this article, the management of green drilling fluid supply chain is investigated. First, the management of the green supply chain and related literature and the role of drilling fluids in the drilling process of oil and gas wells and the environmental effects of these materials if they are not controlled and monitored are stated. Then the management of green supply chain of drilling fluids is examined.

Green drilling fluid supply chain management

 

Lost circulation is an occurrence in Formation when drilling fluids is lost into cracks during drilling or cementing operations. Lost circulation in drilling is always examined in two parts: prevention and remedial of loss. Prevention is to take all measures to prevent loss during drilling. This stage is usually done by technically examining the condition of the earth’s layers (geology) and recognizing the geographical area. Lost circulation treatment is also done by using additives appropriate to the structure of the earth’s layers and depending on the geological conditions, different materials and additives are used.

Preventing and controlling lost circulation reduces costs, reduces drilling time and facilitates the drilling process.

lost circulation in drilling operation

The exploration and extraction of oil industrially and economically began in the mid-nineteenth century. Hundreds of years ago, this natural source was used for lighting purposes or as a lubricant.

The invention of the first internal combustion engine and its use in all forms of life today has led to an increase in demand for the extraction and exploitation of fossil fuels. The positive and negative consequences of the expansion of these activities in the oil industry, which is done in order to meet the bulk of energy supply, is an issue that has always been faced by those in charge of this industry.

Effects of drilling fluid waste on soil properties

Gilsonite is a mineral found in certain parts of the world and has numerous applications. Uses and application of Gilsonite in Paints, Inks, coatings and stains industry is common because of features such as adhesion, resistance to water and moisture, competitive price and etc,. Team.co has extensive experience in supplying Gilsonite to various industries locally and globally.

The applications of Gilsonite in ink, asphalt black colors, polished oils, anti-corrosion coating, cover cars to deal with UV rays, wood Stains is examined in the following.

Gilsonite in paints inks coatings stains

Gilsonite usage in drilling fluid is as high-temperature, high-pressure filtration control additives in drilling mud. This mineral can be used in all oil based mud and all temperatures. Also, mixed Gilsonite is used effectively in water-based mud systems.
Gilsonite powder reduce API and HPHT fluid loss in all oil-base muds. It has the ability to stabilize drilling mud and thus prevent erosion of pit. It helps improve the overall emulsion stability, Thermal stability and suspension characteristics of most oil-base formulations. Gilsonite also increase viscosity, especially at lower temperatures due to its partial solubility and reduces torque and drag.
Mud with Gilsonite creates a narrow and strong wall inside the wells. It is used to control lost circulation in drilling formations.

Gilsonite usage in drilling fluids

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