Alternative (trade) names Cyanurotriamide, Cyanurotriamine, Cyanuramide
HS Code 29336100
Physical and Chemical Properties
Chemical Formula C3H6N6
Molar Mass 126.12 g/mol
Appearance Solid, white
Density 1574 kg/m2
Melting point 345 °C
Solubility Soluble in water


Melamine is an organic compound with the chemical formula C3H6N6. This solid is white and is in the form of 1, 3, 5 triazines. Melamine, similar to cyanamide, contains 67% by mass of nitrogen, its derivatives have the property of inhibiting fire due to the release of nitrogen gas during burning or cooling. Due to its properties, Melamine can be used in various applications, such as rubber, wood, leather, textile and concrete are among the main industrial uses of melamine.


Melamine is mostly used as formaldehyde in various industries. The most important industries that use formaldehyde Melamine are rubber industry, molding industry, textile and carpet weaving industry, paint and coating industry, paper industry, coating and decoration industry, cement and concrete industry, adhesives, extinguishers. In the wood industry, Melamine is used to create a transparent and heat-resistant coating. In the paint industry, this chemical compound is also used to produce amine colors. In the leather industry, this combination is used to produce transparent, waterproof and durable leathers. It is also used to produce fire-fighting and fire-resistant materials, and special materials such as various extinguishers are produced using Melamine. In the concrete industry, one of the most important issues is to increase the pumping properties of concrete without the need to increase water. Melamine can well do such a process in the concrete industry.

Melamine consumption risks

The maximum allowed amount of Melamine in food and animal feed is 2.5 mg / kg, which is practically ignored and usually a much larger amount of this substance is used. Consumption of melamine crystals may lead to kidney stones. It is also irritating when inhaled, in contact with skin or eyes. This chemical is sometimes added illegally to foods to increase the amount of apparent protein. Melamine is also a major component of pigments used in inks and plastics. The FDA has stated that Melamine crystals and their salts, after entering the bloodstream, condense and deposit in the renal tubules, forming large numbers of yellow, round crystals that cause kidney damage.