White Spirit


Alternative (Trade) Names Standard Solvent, Mineral Spirit
HS Code 27101221
Physical and Chemical Properties
Appearance Liquid, Clear, Colorless
Distillation 200-142
Boiling Point 105 to 205
Solubility Not soluble in water


White Sprite is an oil-based solvent which is a mixture of paraffinic and aromatic hydrocarbons (7 to 12 carbons). It has a liquid, transparent and colorless appearance. This chemical is a mixture of chemicals known as petroleum hydrocarbons. It is chemically stable and does not cause corrosion. Its advantages include low toxicity, easy odor removal and lower price compared to other solvents. The chemical properties of white sprite can vary depending on its grade.

white spirit is used as a diluent, cleaning solvent, drying solvent, degreasing solvent and as a solvent in aerosols, paints, wood preservatives, varnishes, raw materials for resin paints, cables and wiring, as cutting and lathe oils in lathes and in asphalt products.

White Spirit categories

White spirit can be classified according to the degree of flammability or types of extraction. In terms of flammability, this material is classified according to the crude oil used as the starting material, distillation conditions and aromatic percentage. Grades produced from the process of hydrosulfurization or desulfurization of boiling temperature c ˚ 230-90, including first grade of white spirits containing a maximum of 25% of aromatic compounds and second grade of this substance contains a maximum of 17% of aromatic compounds of naphtha.


The most important and main application of white Sprite solvent is in paints and resins industry. Other applications of this material as cleaning solvent, solvent for aerosols, varnishes, washing solvents, asphalt products.

Paint industry

White Sprite is one of the most important solvents used in paints and thinners. This chemical can also be used as a paint thinner and due to its heavy composition, it has less volatility than similar materials. This feature increases the drying time of the paint and limits the use in areas with high humidity. This solvent has a lower price than hydrocarbon solvents, so to reduce the price of mixed thinners, it is added to the paint. The use of this chemical is also recommended for people who work long hours with paints due to its low odor.

Detergent industry

Manufacturers of laundry soaps use this solvent to remove grease and stains in their formulations, and laundry detergents are major consumers of this soap.

Safety tips

Oral white spirit can cause stomach poisoning and abdominal pain, and in severe cases, drowsiness, imbalance, heart problems, severe respiratory damage and coma. If liquid white spirit enters the lungs directly, it can cause severe lung damage. Inhalation may cause irritation of the nose, throat and lungs, shortness of breath, upset stomach, dizziness, headache, incoordination and drowsiness. Skin contact with White Sprite irritates, dries and cracks the skin. Prolonged contact can even cause redness and eczema. Eye contact may cause immediate burning and tearing of the cornea. In case of contact in any of the above cases, washing the area of ​​contact with water for 20 minutes and in case of swallowing, giving water to the injured are appropriate initial proceedings that can be done before contacting medical centers. Severe exposure to white spirit can lead to damage to the central nervation system, resulting in incoordination and slow reactions. Exposure to excessive concentrations of this substance in enclosed spaces can lead to side effects such as drowsiness, dizziness, nausea and eventually lead to anesthesia. This solvent is very flammable and its flash point is between36-43. The vapors of this compound can form an explosive mixture with air that can be easily exploded by a flame or spark. Therefore, avoid storing it with oxidizing agents. If this substance catches fire, extinguish it with substances such as water spray, dry chemicals, foam alcohol or carbon dioxide. The direct flow of water can scatter flames.