Hydrogen Peroxide


Alternative (Trade) Names Dioxidane, Perhydroxic Acid, Dihydrogen Dioxide, Oxygenated Water
Physical and Chemical Properties
Chemical Formula H2O2
Mole Mass 34.0147 gr/mol
Color Very light blue
Odor Slightly pungent odor
Welding Temperature -0.43 °C
Boiling Point (760 mm Hg) 141 °C (286 F)
Melting Point -11 °C (12F)
Solubility Soluble in water, Ether and Alcohol and insoluble in light Hydrocarbons


Hydrogen Peroxide is a chemical compound with the formula H2O2. This substance is slightly blue and has a higher viscosity than water. The main applications of Hydrogen Peroxide include bleach and disinfectant and oxidizer.

Peroxides are compounds that have a single O-O bond and Hydrogen Peroxide is the simplest type of peroxides. The solution is unstable, so it is usually stored with a stabilizer in a weakly acidic solution.

Hydrogen Peroxide production

Hydrogen Peroxide is produced with different purity percentages, including 35%, 50% and 60%. Industrial methods for production of Hydrogen Peroxide are the oxidation method, the electrochemical method, the wet method, and the anthydroquinone oxidation method.


Applications of Hydrogen Peroxide

This product is offered in two industrial and laboratory grades, which have different applications and properties due to their concentration.
  • Used as a strong oxidant or regenerator in alkaline and acidic environments.
  • The use of Hydrogen Peroxide as oxidizer in fuel
  • Application of Hydrogen Peroxide in textile and health industry: to remove or dye cotton, fleece, ivory, paper, oil, etc.
  • Used in production of chemicals such as industrial emollients, glycerin
  • Used to remove organic and mineral from pool water
  • Used in water and wastewater treatment
  • Industrial Hydrogen Peroxide is used for bleaching and disinfection in various industries including pulp and paper, cosmetics and medicines
  • It is also used in pharmaceutical industry to produce drugs

Hydrogen Peroxide grades

Hydrogen Peroxide grades includes laboratory and industrial grade. Industrial grade is divided into two categories, food and industrial, according to concentration: different industries and needs: Industrial: The industrial grade of this material contains very dangerous heavy metals and other harmful substances for human body. Therefore, the industrial grade is separated from the food grade. Food: The production of Hydrogen Peroxide for food industry is very expensive. In terms of concentration, for food industry this product is produced in two types 35% and 50%. Also human body produces hydrogen peroxide as the first line of defense against toxins and viruses. Laboratory: Used for research and experiments in various chemical reactions.

Safety tips

Hydrogen Peroxide decomposes in presence of heat. In the presence of heat, with every 10 degrees increase in temperature, the decomposition rate of this material doubles. Some substances increase the rate of decomposition of Pydrogen Peroxide, which should be avoided. These materials include Brass, Bronze, Copper, Zinc, Nickle and etc. Hydrogen Peroxide in high concentrations can cause serious health and safety hazards. It can cause serious health hazards if it comes in contact with the eyes and skin or if dust Inhalation or ingested. Diluted solutions of Hydrogen Peroxide are less dangerous, but it is still harmful for human. This substance may be mistaken for water due to its color very close to water and may be consumed incorrectly. Therefore, the storage containers must have the correct label. Also, places where Hydrogen Peroxide is used must be equipped with respirators, goggles, gloves, safety showers and eye washes.