Calcium Chloride Applications
Oil and petrochemical industry
The moisture absorption property of Calcium Chloride helps petrochemical industry to remove water from hydrocarbons. It is also useful for drying materials such as Ethane, Butane, Propane, Diesel Fuels etc. The other common application for Calcium Chloride is controlling pressure in industrial solutions. In addition to above usage, it can act as swelling agents in drilling mud.
Deicing and preventing road freezing
Calcium Chloride is used to prevent water freezing, especially on road surfaces, due to its ability to reduce the freezing point. During the dissolution of Calcium Chloride, significant heat is released and this heat helps to melt the ice on the road surface. It works better at low temperatures than other deicing agents such as Potassium Chloride and Urea, Magnesium chloride. Calcium Chloride melts a larger volume of ice at lower temperatures than other deicing. It also increases the melting rate at low temperatures. This type of chloride is naturally liquid and retains its affinity for returning to the liquid state. The use of this inorganic material will be very effective in places with high humidity.
Calcium Chloride in Food industry
The importance of Calcium in the body has led to the widespread use of Calcium Chloride in the production of various foods. This inorganic chemical is used to increase the strength of fruits and vegetables during the cooking process. Calcium Chloride is Widely used in production of cheeses, canned fruits and vegetables, energy drinks and etc. as a flavoring and additive. This chemical reacts with the pectin in fruits and prevents these products from becoming too soft during canning. In the preparation and production of cheese, it causes the cheese to harden and form. This Calcium in milk affects coagulation and clotting time.
Calcium Chloride usage in Concrete industry
Calcium Chloride has an accelerating role in making concrete. Mixture of calcium chloride with concrete and water and then sand and cement can make quick-setting concretes. In this method, instead of using quick-setting cement, ordinary cement with Calcium Chloride Can be replaced Concrete made with this method is more resistant to erosion. But these concretes are more vulnerable to sulfate attack and concrete drop increases by about 10 to 15 percent. The worst disadvantage of this method is corrosion effect on steel structurs. The use of this material is allowed only in non-steel concretes and its consumption is limited to 2% by weight of cement.
Calcium Chloride fertilizer is one of the fertilizers that compensates for the lack of Calcium in the soil and is widely used in agriculture. Calcium is one of the most important nutrients for plant growth. This fertilizer helps to absorb nutrients, increase plant resistance, create stronger cell walls and better transfer of phosphorus in the plant. It can also improve soil properties and regulate the amount of sodium in the soil.