Physical and Chemical Properties of Calcium Chloride:
HS Code: 282720
Molecular Formula: CaCl2
Appearance: white, solid
Molar Mass: 110.98g/mol
Density: 2.15 g/cm3 at 68 F
Melting Point: 772°C
Solubility: 40% at 20°C
Calcium Chloride is a substance composed of two ions, Calcium and Chlorine. In the process of dissolving this substance, a significant amount of heat is released. The solid type is available in the form of flakes, grains(granules) or lumps. Calcium Chloride is one of the important salts of Calcium which has industrial, food and medicinal uses. This odorless substance absorbs moisture, therefore, it should be packaged and stored in conditions that prevent air contact with this product.
Calcium Chloride Applications
Oil and petrochemical industry
The moisture absorption property of Calcium Chloride helps petrochemical industry to remove water from hydrocarbons. It is also useful for drying materials such as Ethane, Butane, Propane, Diesel Fuels etc. The other common application for Calcium Chloride is controlling pressure in industrial solutions.
In addition to above usage, it can act as swelling agents in drilling mud.
Antifreeze and freezing point reducer
Simultaneously with reducing the freezing point of water, Calcium Chloride is used to prevent water freezing, especially on road surfaces. The dissolution of Calcium Chloride is calorific and is relatively harmless to soil and plants. Despite its environmental problems, it performs better than Sodium Chloride.
Calcium chloride in Food industry
The importance of Calcium in the body has led to the widespread use of Calcium Chloride in the production of various foods. This inorganic chemical is used to increase the strength of fruits and vegetables during the cooking process. Calcium Chloride is Widely used in production of cheeses, canned fruits and vegetables, energy drinks and etc. as a flavoring and additive. This chemical reacts with the pectin in fruits and prevents these products from becoming too soft during canning. In the preparation and production of cheese, it causes the cheese to harden and form. This Calcium in milk affects coagulation and clotting time.
Calcium Chloride usage in Concrete industry
Calcium Chloride has an accelerating role in making concrete. Mixture of calcium chloride with concrete and water and then sand and cement can make quick-setting concretes. In this method, instead of using quick-setting cement, ordinary cement with Calcium Chloride Can be replaced
Concrete made with this method is more resistant to erosion. But these concretes are more vulnerable to sulfate attack and concrete drop increases by about 10 to 15 percent. The worst disadvantage of this method is corrosion effect on steel structurs. The use of this material is allowed only in non-steel concretes and its consumption is limited to 2% by weight of cement.
Calcium Chloride fertilizer is one of the fertilizers that compensates for the lack of Calcium in the soil and is widely used in agriculture. Calcium is one of the most important nutrients for plant growth. This fertilizer helps to absorb nutrients, increase plant resistance, create stronger cell walls and better transfer of phosphorus in the plant. It can also improve soil properties and regulate the amount of sodium in the soil.
liquid Calcium Chloride shipping
These tankers used for shipping liquid Calcium Chloride are equipped with air compressors to facilitate the unloading process. Transport tankers are equipped with a flexible hose with a diameter of 55 mm and a length of 4.6 m to connect the tanker to the pipeline. At a maximum pressure of 2 bar, this material can be discharged from a height of about 10 meters from the tanker. If the height is more than 10 meters, pumps must be installed for drainage and about 10% of tank must be calculated as empty space.
25 PP bags, Also 1 MT JB
Calcium Chloride safety
Improper consumption of Calcium Chloride can pose serious health and safety risks. This chemical can lead to burns, excessive thirst, irritation of the digestive system and other serious health effects. It can also irritate the skin by causing excessive dryness. In severe cases, exposure to or ingestion of this chemical can cause skin burns, heart disorders, respiratory problems and seizures.
Calcium Chloride is not flammable, but if it comes in contact with metals such as Zinc or Sodium, it may produce flammable hydrogen. It is corrosive to some metals such as steel, ferrous metals and brass and shouldn’t come in contact with Sulfuric Acid.
Production of Calcium Chloride
There are two general ways to produce Calcium Chloride. The first is the natural salt process. By purifying natural salts that are produced from salt lakes and salt deposits. The second method is limestone and Hydrochloric Acid process. Limestone can be mixed with Hydrochloric Acid to form Calcium Chloride and Calcium Dioxide. This process is mostly used for food and pharmaceutical industries.